CHITRANGUDI BIRD SANCTUARY

The Sanctuary is 5 km from Mudukulathur and 25 km away from Paramakudi of Ramanathapuram. The wetland is a protected area since 1989 and declared as Bird Sanctuary. Internationally, Chitrangudi comes under the Important Bird and Biodiversity Area. (IBA; code IN261, Criteria A1, A4i) as reported by Bird Life International and Wetlands International, besides being part of the Key Biodiversity Areas of the world The crescent-shaped Kanmoi starts at a northern point where an aqueduct from the Gundar River flows into the Kanmoi. The Sanctuary area is within the 15 m (49 ft) high embankments of a community irrigation tank. The total length of the embankment is 4.01 km (2.492 miles). Area calculated as 260.47 ha. The fluvial landforms near Chitrangudi wetland comprises of flood plains of Vaigai, Varshalei, Pambar, Kottakkarai and Gundar rivers. The marine landforms comprise sand mounds (Teri’s) and barrier dunes along the coast. Main source of water for the wetland is rainfall, groundwater, the surrounding runoff from the catchment area and from the Vaigai and Gundaru Rivers. As the wetland is mostly dependent on the rainfall and runoff waters. This helps in replenishing the groundwater.


Salient Features


CRITERIA

Criterion 3 : supports plants (70),birds (122), reptiles (17), amphibians (6), odanates (8), butterfly (55), fishes (8) and mammals (8) and maintains the biological diversity of the bio geographic region.
Criterion 4 : supports resident bird species such as egrets, herons, ibises, cormorants and other water birds at critical stages of their life cycles and provides refuge during adverse climatic conditions.
Criterion 6 : supports 1% population of black headed ibis (nt) and spot-billed pelican (nt).


Biodiversity

SpeciesNumbers
Plants 70
Birds 122
Fishes 8
Mammals 8
Amphibians (frogs & toads) 6
Reptiles 17
Odonata 8
Butterfly 55

Factsheet

Site NameChitrangudi Bird Sanctuary
Site No 2491
Declaration Date 13.08.2022
Designated Date 08.11.2021
Co-Ordinates 09°20’28’’N - 78°28’40’’E
Area Exrent ( Hectare) 260.47
District Ramanathapuram
Elevation ( meters) 33 to 36
Depth (m) 1.5-2.5
Rainfall (mm) 715.2
Salinity (ppt) 0.174
Wetland Type Fresh water lake
Soil Mineral
Water pH 7.5
Water TDS ppm 2060
Water Conductivity μS/cm 405

RAMSAR Certificate