Vembanur wetland is a human-made inland tank, spanning around 20 ha and situated near Vembanur, a small hamlet in Rajakkamangalam Block, in Kanniyakumari District. This wetland forms part of the Important Bird and Biodiversity Area. The tank is believed to have been constructed in the regime of Pandyan king Veeranarayana. The tank and the Therrakal canal were designed to take water from River Pazhayar for irrigation purposes. The River Pazhayar and Vembanur wetland collects the entire drainage of the valley and irrigates a substantial part of Nanchilwadu. Vembanur wetland falls under the WWF Terrestrial Ecoregions of the world Tropical and Sub-tropical Moist Deciduous Forest with a specific biogeographic region being Malabar Coast Moist Forest. Major part of the Kodayar river basin area near Vembanur is underlain by gneissic terrain of hard crystalline rocks which include Charnotites and Khondalites. Migratite Gneiss and granites over lain the hard drops and are identified as Warhalai sand stones. The Physiography around Vembanur is plain area with parental material gneiss while the top layer of the soil comprises sandy clay, clay content increases with respect to increase in depth of the pond the annual rain fall of the region is 985 mm. The average depth of the Vembanur wetland is 7 m. The elevation of the Vembanur pond is about 19 m from Mean Sea Level.
|Site Name||Vembanur Wetland Complex|
|Co-Ordinates||08°10’54’’N - 77°22’34’’E|
|Area Exrent ( Hectare)||19.75|
|Elevation ( meters)||19|
|Water TDS ppm||147|
|Water Conductivity μS/cm||182|